Everest Trekking Region

Everest Trekking Region with Trekkers Zone

Protected Area Information
Name: Sagarmatha National Park

Established.: 1976
Area (km2): 1148.00
Buffer Zone (km2): 275.00

Description of Everest Trekking Region

Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park is spread over an area of 1,148 sq, km in 1976, of the Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. The Park includes the upper catchments areas of the Dudhkoshi and Bhotehoshi Rivers and is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas, ranging from 2,845m at Monjo to the top of the world’s highest Himal,Sagarmatha at 8,848m above the sea level. Other peaks above 6,000m are Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku. Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori, The famed Sherpa people, whose lives are interwoven with the teachings of Buddhism, live in the Everest trekking Region. The renowned Tengboche and other monasteries are common gathering places to celebrate religious festivals such as Dumje and Mane Rumdu. In addition to Tengboche, Thame, Khumjung and Pangboche are some other famous monasteries.

Additional Information of Everest Trekking Region 

Flora and Fauna Of  Everest Trekking Region

The vegetation found at the lower altitude of the park include pine and hemlock forests, while fir, juniper, birch and rhododendron, scrub and alpine plant communities are common at the higher altitude. The park is home to the red panda, snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan tahr, marten, Himalayan mouse hare (pika) and over 118 species of bird including the Impeyan pheasant, snow cock, blood pheasant, red billed cough etc.

How to Get There

The most common ways to reach the park from Kathmandu are: – Flight to Lukia and two day’s walk – Bus to Jiri and 10 day’s walk – Flight to Tumlingtar and 10 day’s walk – Flignt to Phaplu and 5 day’s walk.

Buffer Zone

 Government of Nepal has declared a buffer zone in and around the park in 2002 with the objective of reducing biotic pressure in the slow growing vegetation. The government has also made a provision of plowing back 30 – 50 percent the revenue earned by the park to community development activities in the buffers zone. In collaboration with local people it aims to conserve biodiversity in Everest Trekking Region. Popular Trekking Routes The trek from Namche to Kala Pathar is very popular. The Gokyo Lake and Chukung valleys also provide spectacular views. The Thame Valley is popular for Sherpa culture while Phortse is famous for wildlife viewing. There are some high passes worth crossing over. However, the trekkers must have a guide and proper equipment for the trek.

Trekking In Everest Region

Trekking in the Everest Region allows us to explore some famous places like the Everest Base Camp, Kalapathar, Gokyo Ri, Cho La Pass and Renjo La Pass. Among these places, the Everest Base Camp is undoubtedly the most popular destination for hikers and backpackers. However it is Kalapathar and not the Base Camp from where the highest peak in the world can be best seen. Trekking in Everest Trekking Region not only allows outsiders to observe the beauty of the landscape but also helps them understand the local culture that prevails here, particularly Buddhism.

Everest Trekking Region or ‘Khumbu’ as it is known in the local dialect. In addition to this, a popular trekking destination among hikers from all over the world. The Sagarmatha National Park and Sagarmatha (Everest) itself is located in the Khumbu region. Besides these landmarks. The  Everest Trekking Region is quite popular for its hospitable residents, particularly the Sherpas. A legendary clan of honest and friendly people. Namche Bazaar, popularly known as the ‘Gateway to Everest’, is the trading capital of the Everest Region.

In Short

In Conclusion Sagarmatha National Park covers the highest peak in the world, Mount Everest at 8,848 m. Its surrounding high mountain ranges. It is an area of geologically young mountains with sharp peaks and glaciers. The Dudh Kosi river originates here. Gokyo Valley (a RAMSAR site) has a number of lakes.

The park is lies in north-eastern Nepal, in the Solo-Khumbu region. It encompasses an area of 1,148 km². Ranges in elevation from its lowest point of 2,845 m at Jorsalle to 8,848 m at the summit of Everest. Most part of the land is barren, with grazing lands on the lower elevations. There are relatively few mammal species due to evolutionairy factors.

Sagarmatha National Park is also home to about 3000 Sherpas. They moved there from Tibet some 500 years ago and keep up their distinct traditions and Tibetan-Buddhist religion.